EFFECT OF FARMERS-HERDERS CONFLICT ON FOOD SECURITY IN PLATEAU STATE

G. G. Edward

Abstract


This paper examines the effects of the farmers-herders conflicts on food security in Plateau State. Employing eco-violence theory as a framework for analysis and qualitative research design the paper examines the consequences of the farmers-herders conflicts on food security in terms of availability, access, utilization, and stability of food in Plateau State. The paper revealed that the herders/farmers conflict has consequences on food production and security.
This has resulted in food shortage, increase in the price of food items which limit people’s access to food through the destruction of farm produce, livestock, infrastructures necessary for food production and ultimately resulting in famine. Herders/farmers crisis also lead to physical destruction and plundering of, livestock, and food reserves, which discourages people from farming activities. Furthermore, the conflict displaces farmers from their communities, reducing agricultural labour force and decrease in herds’ production and dairy product increasing pressure on the urban areas as most of the able-bodied men and women who should be engaged In food production flee for safety, not having an only effect on food but at the long run affect social interaction between the two religion, which use to be cordial before, restrictions of movement to areas only were ones religion are dominant. In the light of the above, the paper recommends that, the culture of open grazing must be abandoned adopt
only what is obtainable in modern societies; which is ranching effective regulation of grazing and farming activities in Nigeria through efficient land-use laws/ legislations and administration, creation of ranches in states that voluntarily wants it instead of forcefully imposing it on the people, giving to herders for ranching purpose. Government must ensure effective regulation and control of arms in the state and disarm both the herders and farmers who are in possession of arms.


Keywords: Farmers, Herders, conflict, food security


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