CHALLENGES AND STRATEGIES OF MITIGATING OPEN DEFECATION: A REVIEW

C. I. Emennaa, H. I. Ayatse

Abstract


This study reflects on critical issues relating to open defecation such as causes, impacts and remedies. Open defecation which arguably has been quite damaging for Nigeria, has worsened recently due to a number of possible factors including rapid population growth, lack of behavior change, poor toilet/ water facilities, cultural and social norms among others. Attempts to tackle the hazard appear to be limited and largely unsuccessful. In view of this background, the study reviews the widespread open defecation in Nigeria and efforts to tackle it. Despite several efforts, targets for improved sanitation have not been met, which has resulted in 2.5 billion people not having access to improved sanitation facilities (flush latrine and pit latrine) and almost 892 million of the entire world’s population still practicing open defecation. It is argued that more robust approaches to open defecation reduction such as: political will, integrated initiatives, sanitation intervention, behavioral change are lacking. This study highlights pivotal strategies critical to the attainment of Open defecation free society.

Keywords: Community-Led total Sanitation, Open Defecation Free, latrine, hardware, sanitation, strategies, challenges


Full Text:

PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


© IJSAR 2016. All rights reserved