A VIABLE SEED ENTERPRISE FOR SUSTAINABLE CROP PRODUCTION AND FOOD SECURITY IN NIGERIA: A REVIEW

W. Manggoel, G. G. Jibung, I. Y. Jabil

Abstract


Farmers depend on access to good quality seeds as the foundation for optimum crop yield. Easy access to quality seeds can be achieved and guaranteed only if there is a viable seed supply system to multiply and distribute seeds that have been produced and preserved. Most crops in developing countries are still planted with farmers’ varieties and farm-saved seeds. Private seed companies tend to concentrate on production of hybrid seeds, especially of high-value crops grown by larger farmers and targeting those who are able to pay for the seeds. This paper seeks to emphasize on the need for viable seed enterprise for sustainable crop production and food security. It lists the types of seeds: Breeder, Foundation and Certified seeds; and outlines the role of the National Agricultural Seed Council (NASC). Some problems of the Nigerian seed industry have been outlined and the way forward for a viable seed enterprise for sustainable crop production suggested.

Keywords: Breeder seeds, certified seeds, crop production, food security, viable seed


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