PERCEIVED CAUSES OF AFLATOXIN CONTAMINATION OF CEREAL AND LEGUME GRAINS ON RURAL FARMERS’ LIVELIHOOD IN JOS SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, PLATEAU STATE, NIGERIA

V. C. Chukwukere, N. E. Amah, I. Y. Jabil

Abstract


The study was carried out to determine the perceived causes of aflatoxin contamination of cereal and legume grains on rural farmers’ livelihood in Jos South Local Government Area, Plateau State, Nigeria. Questionnaire was used to collect data from 168 respondents who were randomly selected. Frequency, percentage and mean score were used for analyzing data. Findings from this study revealed that the major sources of information on aflatoxin contamination were cooperative society (68.4%), neighbors (60.1%), friends (58.3%) and extension agents (58.3%) among others. From the study, result shows that the causes of aflatoxin contamination on cereal and legume grains include improper drying of seed products (73.8%), high humidity (67.2%), contamination on the field (63.1%), untimely harvest (60.1%) among others.Mitigating strategies against aflatoxin contamination on cereals and legume grains include removal of infected seeds (94.6%), use of certified seeds (93.4%), removal of infested seeds (86.3%), proper harvest and drying (85.7%) and proper drying and cleaning before storage (85.7%). The study recommended that government at all levels and non-governmental organization should intensify efforts in creation of awareness on the dangers associated with aflatoxin contaminated food grains/produce. The study also recommended that farmers as well as consumers should adhere strictly to lay down strategies in mitigating aflatoxin contamination on food grains.

Keywords: Perceived Causes, Aflatoxin contamination, Grains, Rural Farmers, Livelihood


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