PARASITES IDENTIFICATION AND BACTERIAL ISOLATION IN SOLID WASTE DUMP SITES IN K/VOM JOS SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA PLATEAU STATE

L N. Daniel, A. I. Ishaku, A. I. Ishaku, M. R. Ibunkunoluwa

Abstract


The generation and disposal of solid wastes in the world has become a major concern today. The lapses associated with the collection, treatment and disposal of solid wastes, pollution of soil, water and air create breeding ground for biological agents. These include insects, pests, parasites, rodents, bacteria which could cause public health problem. This study investigated common parasites and bacteria in solid wastes dump sites in K-Vom, Jos South Local Government Area Plateau State. Soil samples were collected in three types of solid waste dump sites (open, pit and fenced dump sites). Floatation technique was used to identify the parasites and Arora et al, (2010) bacterial identification method was adopted to identify the bacteria isolates. Data was subjected to Chi-Square Statistical analysis. There was prevalence of 6(60.0%) Strongyloides stercoralis, 1(10.0%) Entamoeba histolytica and 3(30.0%) Hookworm parasites identified in the study area. Bacteria isolated include Bacillus spp. 16(37.21%), Proteus spp. 4(9.30%), Staphylococcus spp. 6(13.95%), Pseudomonas mirabilis 9(20.93%), Klebsiella spp. 6(13.95%), and Aeromonas spp. 2(4.65%). There was no significant difference (p>0.05) in the occurrence of both parasites and bacteria in solid waste dump sites and location. The result of this study conclude that biological agents were identified in the study area and recommended provision of adequate sanitary facilities in the study area for control of spread of infectious parasitic diseases that could pose health hazards to the inhabitants of the area.

Keywords: Parasites Identification, Bacteria Isolation, Solid Waste Dump Sites.


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